Almost everyone has some item at home made from denim fabric. If it isn’t a pair of jeans or a denim jacket, then it may be cushions, throw pillows, blinds, or drapes.
When it comes to adaptability, denim is a material that has stood the test of time . . . for one; it is worn in practically all regions of the world. Its practicality and versatility is what makes it suitable not only for clothing apparel, but as a home décor textile too.
Denim comes in more ways than many of us can imagine, but you will never see each and all at a one-stop shop offline.
However, when you visit fabric shops online, you’ll be amazed to find that there are so many kinds of denim; washed denim, khaki denim, raw, stretched, bleached, and coloured denim fabrics.
Within each group, you’ll find other differing types in different shades, colours and textures that will blow you away. And though it can be classified as a timeless fabric, it is more of a hard-wearing material. Not one that falls under the heading of a luxury fabric but there are different types of denim with some low-end, and some in the high-end range.
Popular types include:
- Raw Denim
- Washed denim
- Stretch denim
- Denim khaki
- Coloured denim
- Patterned denim
- Selvedge (best type of raw denim)
However, the top of the range is selvedge denim and this is the pick of the crop. Selvedge is used extensively for apparel wear . . . popularly referred to as jeans, but does also serve as home décor materials for upholstery, window treatments, loose covers, and quilts.
Denim Fabric Construction
Denim fabric construction is produced using the popular twill weave which involves a process whereby the weft yarn is passed under two (or more) warp yarns forming that recognizable diagonal ribbing on the fabric.
Denim must not be confused with cotton duck (duck cloth) which is similar in looks but is a heavier canvas kind of material often used for sneakers, sandbags or tents.
A Brief History of Denim Textiles
The word denim was derived from the name of a hard-wearing textile called serge, originally made in France by the André family living in Nîmes. At the time, it was referred to as ‘Toile de Nimes’ or “serge de Nîmes” but the name was eventually shortened to “de Nîmes” and subsequently denim.
Traditionally, denim was dyed indigo blue and was almost always blue. They represented hard wearing materials and clothing, but today some denim textiles can be classified as luxury fabrics with many types constructed with lighter yarns and body than the classic dry denim.